Signs and symptoms of Psychophrenia

Psychophrenia is a chronic brain disorder that affect and interferes with the perception of an individual or a person by altering the way a person acts, changing the ways he views his outside surrounding as well as altering his or her thoughts. In a way tampering with the individuals perception of reality and almost a significant loss of contact with reality.Therefore one is not able to distinguish between real and unreal situations as can always be depicted in the usual signs and symptoms of schizophrenia.

Persons with the illness tend to act in a strange and confusing manner by seeing and hearing things that are unreal and do not exist,acting with a lot of paranoia whereby he or she also experiences a faint and almost a blurred line between imaginary and real situations.A person under this effect might therefore not be able to negotiate and respond effectively to his daily normal life,hence one is likely to withdraw himself or herself from the real outside world, in turn acting weirdly in fear, paranoia as well as in confused state.

Cloth embroidered by a person diagnosed with schizophrenia

How It manifests

There are different types of schizophrenia, such as Paranoid, Disorganised, and even Catatonic that are characterised by different symptoms with the main causes not completely known, but is believed and appears to be a result of interaction of genetic and environmental factors whereby the environmental factors triggers the inherited genes that pits and individual person to be vulnerable to the disorder and to cause the effect. This disorder is in major cases known to me more severe in men than women, and affects persons mainly in their early adulthood, or if any in their late teens.However,in rare cases where the disease is quite severe,this disorder can as well affect at childhood or at adolescents stages and in this case the signs and of this disorder are slightly different.

Although It is a Chronic disorder,with provision of proper medication or diagnosis,support and therapy at the early stages or once the signs of schizophrenia are noticed, a person would be able to find help and eventually gain sensible recovery from this disorder eventually gaining his feet to lead a satisfying, meaningful and sensible independent life.

Causes of schizophrenia

Just like most mental problems may occur drastically without any warning signs and symptoms but in major cases, it occurs gradually with subtle warning manifestations that varies from one patients to another.In the early phases of this disorder a victim may experience or seem unmotivated,emotionless and reclusive and at times even eccentric.Signs like social withdrawal ,hostility, deterioration in personal cleanliness and hygiene,being flat without expression, Inappropriate behaviour by laughter or crying,depression, insomnia,odd statements from the victim,forgetfulness and less concentration,over reaction to criticism,strange use of words or way of speaking characterises this individual or victims’ behaviour.

They would show general indifferences to their real life situations, abandoning their interests and activities such as their hobbies,beaming low performance and even begins to neglect themselves and their appearance and at times isolating themselves from people. One therefore develops dramatic and negative signs unique both in severity and in pattern. These signs and symptoms therefore would always change over a time period.
Although most of these symptoms are in general and similar to most mental problems affecting an individual the most common signs and symptoms of schizophrenia are:Hallucinations,delusions,disorganised speech and disorganised behaviour.

Mental Health Disorders – Understanding the Matter

mental health disorders

Mental health disorders come in many forms and might even take part of your everyday conversations with your peers. As common as they may seem to be, what’s another thing that’s common is the fact that a lot of people do not completely understand those individuals who are affected by such issues. Hence, people with mental health issues usually become victims of discrimination or verbal abuse. It is important that we shed more light on this matter for us to have a better understanding of the conditions that affect mental health. In this manner, we would be able to identify how to properly deal with people that suffer from such health disorders. Aside from the diagnosed individual, a mental illness can create a ripple effect as it also affects the concerned families and even society in general. Dealing with a mental health issue isn’t at all easy and when you identify a person who can potentially develop one, it would be best for you to recommend that the person see a doctor for further checking. Early treatment is important to avoid the disorder to get worse.

As mentioned earlier, mental health disorders are of different natures and take different forms. Thus, there are different approaches involved in the treatment and diagnosis of these various illnesses. Here are some of the most popular mental illnesses and their respective descriptions:

  • Anxiety

Surely you have heard of someone using the term being anxious as if it were something that can easily be handled. Well, anyone can feel anxious but the story becomes different when anxiety causes much distress to the person involved. An anxiety disorder usually causes a person to be restless and uneasy about a certain aspect of life. Having an anxiety disorder can make a person develop other problems such as faster heart rates and panic attacks.

  • Bipolar Disorder

Mood swings are a common indication of bipolar disorder. There are alterations in the energy and activity levels of the person with the disorder. This behavior leads to problems with relationships, career prospects and other aspects of life. The mood swings can be very severe and the person is also prone to being suicidal. With the right care and treatment, individuals with bipolar disorder have a chance at leading normal lives.

  • Depression

Depression is more than just being lonely or down. It is normal for every person to feel sad at some point of their lives and most of us would even label the experience as depression. However, depression is a much more serious condition as opposed to the short-lived feelings of sadness that people typical have. Depression can last for a long time and leads to a person losing interest in many aspects of life. The treatment of depression involves medications and psychotherapies.

  • Eating Disorders

Eating disorders usually stem from deeper issues that an individual faces. For instance, the person might be too concerned about his/her image or weight and find themselves thinking of such issues all the time. Having an eating disorder can be harmful to a person’s health and must be properly addressed.

Individuals who do not find themselves affected by mental illnesses can help those who have been diagnosed with such disorders. Seeking professional help is also a great way of addressing such an issue to ensure that the person in question is receiving the guidance of an expert of the field. As for those with minimal knowledge about the subject, developing more awareness about the problem through research will allow you to understand and help the situation get better even in your own little way.

Treatments for Schizophrenia – How to Deal with the Disorder

If you have someone close to you diagnosed with schizophrenia, you are likely to find ways that can help the person’s condition improve so that they can live a normal and happy life. Or you might find yourself showing some early symptoms of the disorder. Whatever your reason is for trying to learn about the available treatments for schizophrenia, it is important to note that applying right treatment especially during the early stages of detection can help so that the disease won’t develop any further.

Identifying the disease is essential for treating schizophrenia. Most of the time, individuals who come across people showing odd behavior relating to schizophrenia symptoms might not easily understand the consequences if nothing is to be done about the person’s condition. Schizophrenia usually emerges among young individuals, typically those who are in their teens to their early 30s. People with schizophrenia suffer from delusions, hallucinations, disorder thinking and movement which will be detrimental for their relationships, career opportunities and life in general. No one would want someone, especially a person that’s closely related to them, to end up in such a fate. Hence, it is vital that the affected individual gets the proper help and support that is needed so that the situation won’t get any worse.

The treatment for schizophrenia used to include bizarre methods which had put patients in horrendous conditions. And it is apparent how such methods won’t do the patient any good. Fast forward to the present, it is great how there are more treatment options provided to us by modern medicine nowadays. More antipsychotic medicines have been developed over the past years which are instrumental for patients with schizophrenia to have better prospects in life. These medications have fewer and more bearable side effects compared to ones which were developed earlier.

Since schizophrenia is a disease that is still under much scrutiny (its cause remains unknown), treatments for schizophrenia are focused on controlling the disorder. Providing medications to the person with schizophrenia is one of the primary modes of treatment for the disease. Antipsychotic medications are used for this treatment process. Here is a number of recently developed Antipsychotic (also referred to as “atypical”) medications:

  • Aripiprazole (Abilify)
  • Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
  • Paliperidone (Invega)
  • Quetiapine (Seroquel)
  • Risperidone (Risperdal)
  • Ziprasidone (Geodon)

Psychosocial treatments are also utilized for the diagnosis and treatment of schizophrenia. Through such treatments, people with the disorder receive help and support for them to know how to cope with their condition and eventually recover their lives. Some forms of psychosocial treatment include social skills training, vocational counselling, family and individual therapies.

Positive Symptoms of Schizophrenia – A Look into the Subject

Early detection of symptoms relating to schizophrenia is helpful for preventing the disorder to develop. As the famous saying goes, prevention is better than cure. Early symptoms of schizophrenia can be evident even when an individual goes through the adolescence stage. However, such symptoms might possibly be ignored due to how it can be disassociated with the fact that the person is going through a certain phase in life. In females, the symptoms usually begin during their 20s or early 30s. On the other hand, men usually show symptoms from their years as teens to their 20s. One characteristic that a person with schizophrenia typically shows is how they seem to lose touch with reality through their behavior and actions. There are several symptoms used to identify if a person has schizophrenia. Such symptoms are divided into several classifications. For the purpose of this discussion, we are going to look further into the positive symptoms of schizophrenia. The term “positive symptoms” refer to the behavior of schizophrenic individuals that are not typically seen in healthy people. There is a change in their behavior which distorts their normal functions making them lose touch with reality. The scale of these symptoms may be varied, some may be apparent while others can be barely noticeable.

Here are a number of positive symptoms of schizophrenia:

  • Hallucinations

Hallucinations occur when a person sees, hears, smells or feels something that isn’t actually present. The most common form of hallucination among schizophrenics is hearing voices which say something to the person, or voices which talk to one another. These voices may talk about the person’s thoughts, the occurrences that are happening or instruct the person to do something. They may also appear like they are directly talking to the person. The voices heard can be friendly at times; however they are often critical or annoying.

  • Delusions

Delusions are false beliefs which are based on the person’s wrong or unrealistic perception. These delusions are based on usually bizarre interpretations of a certain event or experience. They adhere to such beliefs even after being proven wrong by other people. For instance, the delusion may be about the person thinking that he/she is someone else. Another example is when the person believes that someone is going to persecute him/her.

  • Thought Confusion/Disorder

Thought disorder happens when a person has troubles in organizing their thoughts which result in difficulties with speaking. Other people will have a hard time understanding what they say since they talk about nonsense or meaningless words. A person experiencing though confusion can also halt all of a sudden in their speaking, as if their minds have just been emptied of whatever they were talking about.

  • Movement Disorders

Movement disorders pertain to the abnormal movements exhibited by a person with schizophrenia. This may come as the same motions which are repeated over and over again or the complete absence of movement. The person has no control or find difficulty in controlling certain movements.

Types of Schizophrenia – Classifications of a Mental Illness

Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that’s affecting millions worldwide. It affects a patient’s thinking, emotions, judgement, behavior, relationships and ability to effectively communicate. They tend to often have delusions and hallucinations which make them lose touch in reality. It is an illness that can cause the individual involved to have difficulty in living normally. The symptoms manifested by patients with the disorder can change as the disease develops. Out of these symptoms and characteristics manifested, one out of the different types of schizophrenia is determined. A person suffering from schizophrenia may be diagnosed with a different type of the illness through the time that he has the illness.

What are the some different types of schizophrenia? Here’s a list with their corresponding descriptions:

  • Paranoid Schizophrenia

People who have paranoid schizophrenia may seem normal with their relationships, work and other day-to day functions. However, they actually suffer from delusions and auditory hallucinations. They hear voices that aren’t actually there and have delusional thoughts about being persecuted or harassed by another person or group. Paranoid schizophrenia sufferers are seen to be aloof, anxious and can easily be angered and hostile towards others.

  • Disorganized Schizophrenia

As the name suggests, disorganized schizophrenia is characterized by disorganized behavior in the part of the person involved. They have disorganized thoughts which become evident in their speech and in how they express their emotions. The messages that a person with disorganized schizophrenia delivers appear as illogical. Usually, they find themselves lost in their own thoughts and may exhibit odd behavior such as laughing in an inappropriate situation. The individual’s emotional processes and ability to effectively communicate are two results of this type of schizophrenia.

  • Undifferentiated Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is classified as undifferentiated if the symptoms manifested aren’t sufficient for it to be diagnosed into one of the other types. There is an uncertainty in the type of schizophrenia to be diagnosed due to how the person involved exhibits symptoms that fluctuate from time to time.

  • Catatonic Schizophrenia

This type of schizophrenia is characterized by extremes of behavior. This may involve hyperactivity or a dramatic reduction in activity wherein the individual concerned stops voluntary movement. Patients exhibit an action or pose that appear to have no purpose for a period of time and considerably resist if there are anyone who attempt to reposition them. Some examples of these actions are unusual facial contortions or limb movements.

Specifying different classifications of schizophrenia is a means for you to understand the characteristics of the patients who are diagnosed with the mental illness. It certainly is an eye opener that can help you identify different aspects of the disease. While schizophrenia is a serious disorder, patients still have hope of leading a normal life with proper help and treatment.

History of Schizophrenia – How it All Started

Ever wondered how the history of schizophrenia started? Well, even though mental disorders have been around for thousands of years, the term “schizophrenia” is just over a hundred years old. The term itself was coined in 1908 by a Swiss psychiatrist named Eugen Bleuler. The term was derived from two Greek roots, “schizo” which means “split” and “phrene” meaning “mind”. It was meant to describe how people who are affected by the disorder seem to have “split” or fragmented thinking. However, the term didn’t mean to convey multiple personalities – a common misconception about the disorder. Prior to Bleuler’s term, the disorder was called “dementia praecox” (early dementia) by a German physician, Emile Kraepelin. Bleuler came up with a more relevant term since using “dementia praecox” was misleading and the disease is not a form of dementia.

Prior to the development and understanding of medical concepts, several hundreds of years ago, people with mental illnesses were treated in the same manner as those who were mentally retarded or those who had physical deformities. They were all considered “abnormal” and thus were classified to be the same. According to early theories, mental disorders were due to evil possessions of the body. Hence, the treatment for the mental illness was done through exorcisms, some of which involved procedures such as letting the patient listen to a certain kind of music or by drilling a hole on the patient’s head for the evil spirits to be released. There was also another treatment given to individuals who were affected by mental illnesses which was practiced for centuries. It was through bloodletting which involved releasing blood from the patient through cutting them. This was due to how they believed that the mental illness was due to excessive blood. Moreover, disorders which had the same signs and symptoms such as that of schizophrenia have been mentioned in the early literature of the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans.

It wasn’t until the late 19th century when scientists and physicians had a better understanding of the mental illness which is later going to be referred to as “schizophrenia”. Even though more light was shed on the disease which was first called “hebephrenia” and then “dementia praecox” at that time, nothing much really changed on how patients were treated. They were put in awful conditions. For instance, patients were tied up or chained to be locked in dirty and dark rooms of institutions we refer to as insane asylums.

The history of schizophrenia shows how individuals diagnosed with the mental illness had to face dreadful consequences for the sake of treatment. Even though an exact treatment for the cure of schizophrenia still remains unknown, the diagnosis of the illness is improving. Even in our modern times, there are still a lot of discoveries about schizophrenia that are waiting to be unveiled.

Schizophrenia Facts – Debunking Myths and Understanding Facts

Schizophrenia is a mental illness that is affecting millions of individuals around the globe. A person who has this disorder has schizophrenia has lost touch with reality, but that doesn’t mean that there is no hope for the condition to be treated. The individual’s altered perception of the world has caused them to have issues with relationships, concentration, their emotions and memory. The disorder is characterized by the person involved having delusions, hallucinations, speech problems and a lack of interest in the world in general. Even though schizophrenia may appear to be a serious condition, that doesn’t mean that people diagnosed with this illness can’t lead normal lives. Proper treatment and help can allow individuals with schizophrenia to lead a happy and stable life.

While schizophrenia is one of the most heard-of mental illnesses out there, it also falls as a victim to a lot of misconceptions. People diagnosed with the disorder are often misjudged and misunderstood. Thus, it is important for us to cite facts about this mental illness to help in letting more people understand what the disorder is really all about. Here are some schizophrenia facts for your reference:

  • Schizophrenia is also referred to as psychophrenia or paranoid psychophrenia. However, the latter terms aren’t used that much nowadays. In our modern times, schizophrenia is the term used to refer to this mental condition.
  • In the United States alone, there are around 2.2 million adults affected by this disorder. For the treatment of schizophrenia, billions of dollars are being spent annually in health care.
  • Schizophrenia shouldn’t be equated to split personality. Having split personality is an entirely different disorder when compared to schizophrenia. Split personality disorder is when a person is characterized to have multiple or separate personalities. On the other hand, schizophrenic individuals find themselves separated from reality.
  • Even though people with schizophrenia may occasionally cause harm due to their delusions and hallucinations, these individuals shouldn’t be seen as a threat to the safety of others. They prefer to be left alone and can even be more prone to being a victim of the violence of other people.
  • The causes behind schizophrenia aren’t completely known. However, genetic causes along with environmental causes are some of the leading factors involved in determining the reason behind schizophrenia. A person who has a first-degree relative diagnosed with the disorder is more likely to develop the disease compared to the general population. While that is the case, schizophrenia isn’t determined by genetics and individuals who have family members with the illness do not always develop it. Moreover, the development of the disease is attributed to environmental factors. Research shows that stress is one factor that triggers schizophrenia.

The above list presents several schizophrenia facts which hopefully enlightened you about the truth about this mental disorder. At the end of the day, it boils down to the fact that they are also people who can live normally like any one of us. There is always hope for anyone diagnosed with this disease. Each one of us can help people with schizophrenia, even in our own little ways, so that they can realize that leading a happy life is possible even for them.

Natural remedies for depression


Lots of people suffer from depression. These people require special long-term medical treatment but there are a few people who have adverse reactions to these types of medications (or they generally do not like taking prescription pills). Fortunately, there are a number of natural remedies for depression.


When you exercise, your body releases chemical known as endorphins that will improve your mood. Regular physical activity sort of tricks your brain into reprogramming itself positively. Aim for a regular 3 times weekly exercise routine that lasts at least 20 minutes. If you start feeling sad or anxious however, take a brisk 30 minute walk to ease your troubles.


These aim to increase your oxygen intake and in so doing, boosting your blood flow. This is a great way of remedying depression because you can do breathing exercises anywhere and with little effort.

Do simple breathing for when you feel depressed as often as possible.


Depression can be worsened by lack of enough sleep and depression makes it hard to get any sleep at all. To deal with this, you should make it a habit to go to bed at the same time every night. Also take away anything in your bedroom that could be a distraction from sleep e.g. a TV, a computer or a ticking/ blinking clock.


You should make sure that your diet is healthy and balanced. Avoid food that is high in fat as they tend to exaggerate depression symptoms in people who are already suffering from it.


There are a number of herbs that can be used to alleviate the symptoms of depression. These include herbs such as:

1. Licorice root- this herb contains a chemical known as glycyrrhizin which acts as an impediment to the human stress hormone, cortisol. When this is done, feelings of depression tend to dissipate.

2. Ginseng- very popular especially in China. Ginseng has a stabilizing effect on a person’s mood.

3. Chamomile- used especially in teas, chamomile produces sedative- like effects that calm and relax a person.

4. St. John’s Wort- this herb has two chemical compounds in it (hyperforin and hypericin) which are a potent defense against mild depression. It is also used to treat other mood altering disorders.

5. Saffron- a study has shown that this herb is just as effective as the popular drug Prozac in battling depression. Consuming about 30 milligrams of saffron twice daily will help curb depression symptoms.

6. Gingko Biloba- this herb is also an effective tool against depression though it can harbor minor side effects like diarrhea or nausea.

7. Valerian and Lavender.

It is important to consult your physician when you try any of these herbs because most of them cause adverse side effects when mixed with depression medications.


1. Rose petal tea prepared by adding a few rose petals to a water glass and boiling for 10 minutes. Next, add sugar and allow the mixture to cool. Take this tea whenever you feel depressed.

2. Half a teaspoon of cardamom powder in boiling water with a bit of sugar. Cool and drink on an empty stomach.

Schizophrenia awareness

Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness that affects a person views and percieves the world and things around them. It is mostly contained using antipsychotic medication that is meant to reduce the severity of the symptoms. There have been many campaigns worldwide about schizophrenia awareness. This is meant to help people understand the condition better.

The awareness also helps people with family members or friends who are schizophrenic know how to handle and care for them. It also helps the general public to have general knowledge so that people can understand the symptoms or the onset of schizophrenia.

Symptoms of schizophrenia include:

– Hallucinations and delusions
– Loss of motivation and energy at different levels
– Impaired attention
– An inability to express emotion
– Talking to themselves
– Neglecting themselves in terms of hygiene
– Someone is often unable to distinguish between real and unreal
– Does not want to be disturbed from their thoughts
– Finding it difficult to understand simple things
– Sudden anger, irritability, hostilities
– Suicidal thoughts
– Isolating themselves from other poeple
– Unusual gestures
– Sleep disorders (excessive sleeping or insomnia)
– Poor concentration and or forgetfulness
– Being in the same position for a long time (knpwn as catatonia) among many other symptoms.

Ways in which the condition can be treated or controlled:

1) Administering antisychotic medication: this is also known as major tranquilizers or neuroleptic medication. It is basically a kind of medication that treats symptoms and prevents relapses.
2) Providing psychosocial intervention: this involves giving suport to a schizophrenic, providing therapeutic and rehabilitative strategies. The family also helps when they interact with a person suffering from schizophrenia.
3) Art therapy: this involves the use of creative methods. It is said that the art therapy helps them convey the powerful and overwhelming emotions inside them. The outcome of their art can be used to help people around them to better understand what is going on inside them.
Such information can be used by their care givers.
Art therapies can use meduims such as drawing, painting, writing, dancing, music and any other form that van help them articulate their fellings. It is also used to help them explore what is going on inside them.

Art therapy is facilitated by an art therapist who should first train in psychotherapy. An art therapist later learns more about using their chosen meduim of art in a Masters Degree program.

Group therapy involving other schizophrenics can also prove helpful since they can ‘kind of’ understand each other. They can do activities together like visiting cafés, discussing a topic, watching a program and so much more.


Noted improvements after art therapy include:

– An increase in self-confidence, self-esteem and concetration levels
– The patient regains self-awareness
– The patient improves his/her communication skills
– Feelings of isolation are reduced among many other improvements.



This is done mostly on severe episodes of schizophrenia. If the patient’s mental health allows, the hospitalization can be voluntary otherwise it would be involuntary and care givers have to deal with the kicking and clawing. Proper schizophrenia Awareness helps treatment and proper care for a schizophrenic. This will ensure that everyone enjoys a relative comfort.

Schizophrenia in united states

Schizophrenia in united states

Psychological illness is a menace that faces most of people depending on their age or the environment that they live in. Any psychological illness will result in the retardation of the services that a particular individual can provide to the society therefore making Schizophrenia in united states just as essential an issue as any other country nation wide calamity.

In bid to combat this, the USA government has come up with some tactics approaches in arrangement to help people with the condition cope or deal with it. The movement covers for earlier treatment together with support and recovery for affected individual.

With the leads to of schizophrenia not yet completely understood, the program has to take care of the wide variety of probable brings about. These include hereditary leads to and some distinct exterior factors like stress and use of drugs like marijuana or LSD.

In bid to publicize its motives on handling schizophrenia, the united states government has versions of medical Practice Guidelines on the web for free obtain. These on-line booklets contain all the written content necessary in assisting schizophrenia patients and those supporting them to gather all the necessary information about the psychological condition and advice on all the available treatment alternatives.

The hand publications have unique guidelines to experts in the field to help them perform greater in their quest to manage schizophrenia. Code named medical Practice Guidelines (CFGs), these paperwork give the necessary information that a medical specialist will need to familiarize patients with. This information is solidified by the use of evidence-based information that cites case study circumstances.

These publications reveal how the US government is concerned as far as the cases of schizophrenia inside of their restrictions are concerned. By addressing the core factors, the book energys both experts and consumers with short cuts to addressing the following complications:

1. Schizophrenia
2. Anorexia nervosa
3. Bipolar disarrangement
4. Deliberate self harm
5. Depression
6. Panic disarrangement and agoraphobia

With a glimpse into these chapters, you will find out that the initiative took all the efforts to ensure that all prospects below the listed classes are entirely exploited. This is achieved by creating versions for specialists and one for the consumers with links to full free obtains of the paperwork and their summaries available.

Anyone has a motive to trust on the information given in these hand publications is very true since it has been vetted and tested to stand true. For instance, the CPGs consider research evidence with the help of skilled teams to ensure that they help with medical decision making rather than dictating rules to customers. Their precision increases with the fact that they are applicable on case certain foundation.

They say information is energy, which apparently is where the united states schizophrenia battle has started launching its battle. It does not make any difference how well stocked the clinics are if the citizens do not know how to use these services. By releasing these hand publications, the Australian government not only secures a psychologically fit and working country but also ensures that the money they put into the project does not go to squander due to ignorance.