Psychophrenia is a chronic brain disorder that affect and interferes with the perception of an individual or a person by altering the way a person acts, changing the ways he views his outside surrounding as well as altering his or her thoughts. In a way tampering with the individuals perception of reality and almost a significant loss of contact with reality.Therefore one is not able to distinguish between real and unreal situations as can always be depicted in the usual signs and symptoms of schizophrenia.
Persons with the illness tend to act in a strange and confusing manner by seeing and hearing things that are unreal and do not exist,acting with a lot of paranoia whereby he or she also experiences a faint and almost a blurred line between imaginary and real situations.A person under this effect might therefore not be able to negotiate and respond effectively to his daily normal life,hence one is likely to withdraw himself or herself from the real outside world, in turn acting weirdly in fear, paranoia as well as in confused state.
How It manifests
There are different types of schizophrenia, such as Paranoid, Disorganised, and even Catatonic that are characterised by different symptoms with the main causes not completely known, but is believed and appears to be a result of interaction of genetic and environmental factors whereby the environmental factors triggers the inherited genes that pits and individual person to be vulnerable to the disorder and to cause the effect. This disorder is in major cases known to me more severe in men than women, and affects persons mainly in their early adulthood, or if any in their late teens.However,in rare cases where the disease is quite severe,this disorder can as well affect at childhood or at adolescents stages and in this case the signs and of this disorder are slightly different.
Although It is a Chronic disorder,with provision of proper medication or diagnosis,support and therapy at the early stages or once the signs of schizophrenia are noticed, a person would be able to find help and eventually gain sensible recovery from this disorder eventually gaining his feet to lead a satisfying, meaningful and sensible independent life.
Causes of schizophrenia
Just like most mental problems may occur drastically without any warning signs and symptoms but in major cases, it occurs gradually with subtle warning manifestations that varies from one patients to another.In the early phases of this disorder a victim may experience or seem unmotivated,emotionless and reclusive and at times even eccentric.Signs like social withdrawal ,hostility, deterioration in personal cleanliness and hygiene,being flat without expression, Inappropriate behaviour by laughter or crying,depression, insomnia,odd statements from the victim,forgetfulness and less concentration,over reaction to criticism,strange use of words or way of speaking characterises this individual or victims’ behaviour.
They would show general indifferences to their real life situations, abandoning their interests and activities such as their hobbies,beaming low performance and even begins to neglect themselves and their appearance and at times isolating themselves from people. One therefore develops dramatic and negative signs unique both in severity and in pattern. These signs and symptoms therefore would always change over a time period.
Although most of these symptoms are in general and similar to most mental problems affecting an individual the most common signs and symptoms of schizophrenia are:Hallucinations,delusions,disorganised speech and disorganised behaviour.